Maryland is no longer a leader among states in implementing policies and programs to avoid the most serious environmental and public health consequences of a rapidly changing climate. This Abell Report explains how Massachusetts eclipsed Maryland and identifies key characteristics of successful leadership to accelerate state actions in Maryland.
Time is running out to tackle the problem of climate change. To avoid unacceptable and unmanageable impacts of climate change, Earth temperatures must flatten by mid-century and annual global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions levels must be driven down to net zero by mid-century. This requires a series of direct actions by governments and stakeholders to reduce deposition of GHGs in the atmosphere, with parallel actions to adapt to climate disruptions that occur along the way. U.S. states are critical to this effort as many are leading global emitters and solutions providers.
This report, by climate change and energy experts Tom Peterson and Rex Hazelton, identifies key characteristics of governmental leadership required to implement climate solutions at scale and conducts a detailed review and comparison of actions in Maryland and Massachusetts, including identifying shortfalls and leadership response needs.
Leadership characteristics were determined based on review of global best practices and the actions of leading states and nations. The six characteristics for governmental climate change leadership include:
Targets and limits
Economic and environmental justice systems
Whole of government approach
Comprehensive policies and measures
Matching implementation mechanisms
Measurement and verification systems
Review of actions in each state indicate that Massachusetts and Maryland were on similar paths to advancement through 2016 but diverged as Massachusetts sped up and Maryland slowed down, although Massachusetts also faces shortfalls. To close gaps, systematic responses are needed through a combination of executive and legislative actions without delay. Maryland has the potential to re-establish itself as a national leader on climate change but must take immediate, comprehensive, and sustained new actions.
Key priorities for Maryland include:
Establishment of economy-wide and sector-level emissions reductions targets and limits through 2050 for net-zero emissions with transitional five-year targets and enabling actions.
Elevation of economic and environmental justice goals within state goals and programs.
Establishment of a centralized executive authority to oversee the climate change mitigation and adaptation programs across a full suite of state agencies.
Removal of policy barriers, such as the prohibition of action in the manufacturing and industrial sectors and anti-competitive renewable energy siting requirements.
Updating, expansion, and integration of sector level policies and measures to be comprehensive.
Accelerated implementation of recommendations of the Maryland Climate Change Commission to move past study to action, including increased transparency and public involvement.
Establishment of public and private sector sources of funding to match climate change mitigation and adaptation programs at full program and market scales.
Improved measurement systems, including application of social cost of carbon and other GHGs.